Bush II, Obama, and the Decline of U.S. Hegemony in the Western Hemisphereapplies competing definitions and conceptions of hegemony to various foreign policy initiatives and events during the administrations of George W. Bush and Barack H. Obama to test whether they manifest a decline in traditional U.S. dominance and leadership in the Western Hemisphere. In particular, the book examines the continued relevance of the Inter-American system, the failure to establish a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), and the stillborn Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA). It also discusses the implications of the People’s Republic of China becoming a major trading partner and an important source of financing and investment capital throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. The book provides critical reviews of Plan Colombia, the Merida Initiative, Pathways to Prosperity in the Americas, the Central American Regional Security Initiative (CARSI), the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI), 100,000 Strong in the Americas, and the restoration of normal U.S. diplomatic relations with Cuba. There are extensive analyses, unusual for a work in English, on the Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América (ALBA), Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y del Caribe (CELAC), and Unión de Naciones Suramericanas (UNASUR).
Thomas Andrew O’Keefe has been the President of Mercosur Consulting Group, Ltd. since 1993 and is a lecturer in international relations at Stanford University. A dual U.S.-Chilean national, he has degrees from Columbia University, Villanova University’s School of Law, and the University of Oxford. The author of numerous books and articles on Latin America and the Caribbean, he chaired the Western Hemisphere Area Studies program at U.S. State Department’s Foreign Service Institute between 2011 and 2016.