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Cyber Defense and Security

2024 NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE)

Submissions open:
Application deadline:

Host Organization:  NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE)


Organization Profile: 

International and multidisciplinary cyber defence hub, established in 2008, accredited by NATO. Membership includes 37 nations from NATO and beyond. Staff size: approx. 70. Cooperation with nations, NATO, academia, and the private sector. CCDCOE rests on three main pillars: research, training, and exercises. For the research activities, the Centre will actively search for cooperation partners from academia, industry, military, government, and other research organizations. With all our activities, in our focus areas of technology, strategy, operations and law, we demonstrate our expertise in the field of cyber defense: The Tallinn Manual, the annual International Conference on Cyber Conflict, CyCon and the largest live fire technical cyber defense exercise Locked Shields.

City:   Tallinn

Internship format:   In-person

Internship Department:  Law Branch and Strategy Branch

Project description:

  • Project no 1: LAW

Cyberdiplomacy current developments

Following and preparing summary reports on negotiations with Ad Hoc Committee to elaborate a comprehensive International
Convention on countering the use of information and communications technologies for criminal purposes; and the open-
ended working group on security of and in the use of information and communications technologies.

  • Project no 2. LAW

Handbook on Data Protection and Privacy Law as Applied to Military Activities

The handbook will serve as a compass for practitioners faced with the task of interpreting, understanding and applying data protection and human rights law before, during or in the aftermath of an armed confrontation. The handbook would further develop the concepts already covered in the edited anthology“The Rights to Data Protection and Privacy in Times of Armed Conflict” (CCDCOE, 2022), the primary aim would be adding a practical dimension in the form of short case studies, accompanied by clear and concise sample solutions and checklists as well as easily found and up-to-date legal references and commentaries.

  • Project no 3.LAW

Law of neutrality in the cyber domain

The law of neutrality in the cyber domain has been addressed in the past. The practice emerging from the ongoing RUS-UKR war, however, seems not completely following the conclusions reach by traditional legal doctrine. Among the specific topics that should be addressed, are the following non exhaustive examples:

- the relocation of Ukrainian government vital data to cloud;

- the support in terms of internet connectivity granted by private companies, allowing Ukraine military C2 to work properly;

- the cooperation on cybersecurity, in accordance with MoUs singed by the State Service of Special Communications & Information Protection of Ukraine (SSSCIP) with other Westerns counterparts;

- third States’ attitude towards UKR IT Army operating from their territory.

Deliverable is a book/collection of papers describing how States have applied the law neutrality in the cyber domain, during RUS-UKR war.


  • Project no 1: STRATEGY

Comparative Analysis of Cyber Commands

Preparation of a comparative analysis on the structures and mission-sets of different States' Cyber Commands. The analysis should identify the best practices of setting up a Cyber Command and what have been the key elements leading to an effectively operational Cyber Command to include a comparison of organizational structures and analyze the division of functions and mission units within the structure.

  • Project no 2. STRATEGY


Help produce an analysis of Russian-related hacktivist groups and their role in the Russian government’s cyber warfare and various modus operandi.

  • Project nr 3. STRATEGY


Provide support to local subject matter experts as they analyze and produce cyber operations lessons learned from the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War.

Number of Opening(s):    2 (one for Law, one for Strategy branch)

Work Hours and Internship Start/End Dates:  Monday to Friday, June 24 –August 16, 2024

Work Attire: Casual

Local language:  Estonian

Local language level needed:  Not required. English is the working language of the CCDCOE

Additional desired intern qualifications: Ability for independent desk research and writing of good quality academic papers (fully referenced).

City or Cities:
  • Global Studies minors in European Studies will receive preference.
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Time of Year:
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Cyber Defense and Security


Stanford Global Studies Internship Program