Income and Sex Selection: A cautionary tale of land reform and sex ratios in China

Tuesday, November 27, 2012 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm

Philippines Conference Room

Encina Hall, 3rd Floor

Shuang Zhang 
Postdoctoral Fellow, SIEPR at Stanford University 

RSVP Required by 5PM on November 26


This paper examines the effect of income growth induced by 1978-84 land reform on the
sex ratio imbalance in China. Using variation in reform timing by county together with the
absence of sex selection among first-born child, we compare the sex of the second child betweenfamilies with a first girl and those with a first boy before and after the reform. Results showthat following a first daughter, the second child is 5.5 percent more likely to be a boy after landreform. Better educated parents are substantially more likely to respond with sex selection. After assessing various potential channel.


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