Income and Sex Selection: A cautionary tale of land reform and sex ratios in China
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Postdoctoral Fellow, SIEPR at Stanford University
This paper examines the effect of income growth induced by 1978-84 land reform on the
sex ratio imbalance in China. Using variation in reform timing by county together with the
absence of sex selection among first-born child, we compare the sex of the second child betweenfamilies with a first girl and those with a first boy before and after the reform. Results showthat following a first daughter, the second child is 5.5 percent more likely to be a boy after landreform. Better educated parents are substantially more likely to respond with sex selection. After assessing various potential channel.
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